Studies in the US have shown that children aged two to five years on average spend more than 32 hours a week watching television. For children between six and 11 years, that number was 28 hours. This means that by the time they reach first grade of primary school, the children spent amount of time watching TV in the exact amount of three school years – that child has a developed system of values based on the television program, not on parent’s advice. By adulthood, young people spend more time watching television than they spend time in school, with friends, and even more time than with their parents.
Most kids have TVs in their room, and a large number of them are eating and fall asleep while watching TV. During the day, 90% of children between four and six years watch TV at least two hours per a day.
Given the time spent watching television, it is very important to teach young people to understand that this really represents a medium, which plays a role in their lives and how it affects them. Television news, for example, so deftly handled the message that today have become a source of information which the public most trusts. Nonetheless, the news, as well as all other media presentations, formed by political, social, economic or cultural factors and are mostly far from neutral and objective information.
Television is considered one of the main agents of socialization in the society. It brings countless pictures and stories in homes every day. And just pictures and stories are powerful forms of communication, they affect our emotions and play an important role in forming our understanding of the world, our behavior, thoughts, our values and lifestyle in general.
How TV affects young
It would be great if children younger than two years did not watch TV. The reason is that the first two years of life are considered critical for brain development, a television and other electronic media exploit the time that the child should spend exploring, playing and interacting with their parents, which encourages learning and healthy physical and social development.
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Television is a medium that has the greatest impact on socializing children. The mere fact that television is not interactive agent has great influence on the development of children.It meets the needs of socialization to a certain level, but does not give the children social skills, or practice which may be acquired only in real life. Given these averages for television watching, it is obvious that it is time to play with their peers, while learning the social skills have been drastically reduced and limited.
Preschool children will learn the alphabet while pupils are more familiar with nature and society in general. There is no doubt that television can be a great educational and entertaining instrument, as long as it is not used too much. It is actually designed to enhance children’s will for learning new things – not for developing their skills and knowledge.